Load calculated 4th down probabilities from cfbfastR data.

load_4th_pbp(seasons)

## Arguments

seasons Seasons to load. Must be 2014 and later.

## Value

cfbfastR data on 4th downs with the add_4th_probs() columns added and also the following:

go

100 if a team went for it on 4th down, 0 otherwise. It's 100 and 0 as a convenience for obtaining percent of times going for it.

## Examples

# \donttest{
#> Computing probabilities for 15816 plays. . .
#> Computing probabilities for 10027 plays. . .

dplyr::glimpse(probs)
#> Rows: 263,937
#> Columns: 343
#> $year <dbl> 2019, 2019, 2019, 2019, 2019, 2019, 2… #>$ week                             <int> 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1…
#> $id_play <dbl> 4.011107e+17, 4.011107e+17, 4.011107e… #>$ game_id                          <int> 401110720, 401110720, 401110720, 4011…
#> $game_play_number <dbl> 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12… #>$ half_play_number                 <dbl> 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12…
#> $drive_play_number <dbl> 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 1, 2… #>$ pos_team                         <chr> "Alabama", "Alabama", "Alabama", "Ala…
#> $def_pos_team <chr> "Duke", "Duke", "Duke", "Duke", "Duke… #>$ pos_team_score                   <int> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $def_pos_team_score <int> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ half                             <dbl> 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1…
#> $period <int> 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1… #>$ clock.minutes                    <int> 15, 14, 14, 13, 12, 12, 12, 11, 11, 1…
#> $clock.seconds <int> 0, 46, 15, 30, 57, 50, 27, 55, 49, 42… #>$ play_type                        <chr> "Kickoff", "Rush", "Pass Reception", …
#> $play_text <chr> "AJ Reed kickoff for 65 yds , Henry R… #>$ down                             <dbl> 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 1, 2…
#> $distance <dbl> 10, 10, 9, 7, 13, 10, 11, 7, 7, 10, 4… #>$ yards_to_goal                    <dbl> 65, 78, 77, 75, 81, 55, 56, 52, 52, 8…
#> $yards_gained <dbl> 22, 1, 2, -6, 3, -1, 4, 0, 35, 6, 3, … #>$ EPA                              <dbl> -0.27389020, -0.75165109, -0.71866524…
#> $ep_before <dbl> 0.8331681, 0.5592779, -0.1923732, -0.… #>$ ep_after                         <dbl> 0.5592779, -0.1923732, -0.9110384, -2…
#> $wpa <dbl> -0.0066665, -0.0207255, -0.0163692, -… #>$ wp_before                        <dbl> 0.4903198, 0.4836533, 0.4629278, 0.44…
#> $wp_after <dbl> 0.4836533, 0.4629278, 0.4465586, 0.37… #>$ def_wp_before                    <dbl> 0.5096802, 0.5163467, 0.5370722, 0.55…
#> $def_wp_after <dbl> 0.5163467, 0.5370722, 0.5534414, 0.62… #>$ penalty_detail                   <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, "Ille…
#> $yds_penalty <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ penalty_1st_conv                 <lgl> FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FA…
#> $new_series <dbl> 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0… #>$ firstD_by_kickoff                <dbl> 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $firstD_by_poss <dbl> 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0… #>$ firstD_by_penalty                <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $firstD_by_yards <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ def_EPA                          <dbl> 0.27389020, 0.75165109, 0.71866524, 1…
#> $home_EPA <dbl> -0.27389020, -0.75165109, -0.71866524… #>$ away_EPA                         <dbl> 0.27389020, 0.75165109, 0.71866524, 1…
#> $home_EPA_rush <dbl> NA, -0.7516511, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ away_EPA_rush                    <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, -0.98565387, -0.4…
#> $home_EPA_pass <dbl> NA, NA, -0.71866524, -1.95835027, NA,… #>$ away_EPA_pass                    <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, -1.887629…
#> $total_home_EPA <dbl> -0.2738902, -1.0255413, -1.7442065, -… #>$ total_away_EPA                   <dbl> 0.2738902, 1.0255413, 1.7442065, 3.70…
#> $total_home_EPA_rush <dbl> 0.0000000, -0.7516511, -0.7516511, -0… #>$ total_away_EPA_rush              <dbl> 0.0000000, 0.0000000, 0.0000000, 0.00…
#> $total_home_EPA_pass <dbl> 0.0000000, 0.0000000, -0.7186652, -2.… #>$ total_away_EPA_pass              <dbl> 0.000000, 0.000000, 0.000000, 0.00000…
#> $net_home_EPA <dbl> -0.5477804, -2.0510826, -3.4884131, -… #>$ net_away_EPA                     <dbl> 0.5477804, 2.0510826, 3.4884131, 7.40…
#> $net_home_EPA_rush <dbl> 0.0000000, -0.7516511, -0.7516511, -0… #>$ net_away_EPA_rush                <dbl> 0.0000000, 0.7516511, 0.7516511, 0.75…
#> $net_home_EPA_pass <dbl> 0.00000000, 0.00000000, -0.71866524, … #>$ net_away_EPA_pass                <dbl> 0.00000000, 0.00000000, 0.71866524, 2…
#> $success <dbl> 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0… #>$ epa_success                      <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0…
#> $rz_play <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ scoring_opp                      <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1…
#> $middle_8 <lgl> FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FA… #>$ stuffed_run                      <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1…
#> $change_of_pos_team <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0… #>$ downs_turnover                   <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $turnover <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0… #>$ pos_score_diff_start             <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $pos_score_pts <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ log_ydstogo                      <dbl> 2.302585, 2.302585, 2.197225, 1.94591…
#> $ExpScoreDiff <dbl> 0.8331681, 0.5592779, -0.1923732, -0.… #>$ ExpScoreDiff_Time_Ratio          <dbl> 2.313713e-04, 1.559180e-04, -5.409820…
#> $half_clock.minutes <dbl> 30, 29, 29, 28, 27, 27, 27, 26, 26, 2… #>$ TimeSecsRem                      <dbl> 1800, 1786, 1755, 1710, 1677, 1670, 1…
#> $adj_TimeSecsRem <dbl> 3600, 3586, 3555, 3510, 3477, 3470, 3… #>$ Goal_To_Go                       <lgl> FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FA…
#> $Under_two <lgl> FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FA… #>$ home                             <chr> "Alabama", "Alabama", "Alabama", "Ala…
#> $away <chr> "Duke", "Duke", "Duke", "Duke", "Duke… #>$ home_wp_before                   <dbl> 0.4903198, 0.4836533, 0.4629278, 0.44…
#> $away_wp_before <dbl> 0.5096802, 0.5163467, 0.5370722, 0.55… #>$ home_wp_after                    <dbl> 0.4836533, 0.4629278, 0.4465586, 0.37…
#> $away_wp_after <dbl> 0.5163467, 0.5370722, 0.5534414, 0.62… #>$ end_of_half                      <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $pos_team_receives_2H_kickoff <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1… #>$ lead_pos_team                    <chr> "Alabama", "Alabama", "Alabama", "Ala…
#> $lead_play_type <chr> "Rush", "Pass Reception", "Sack", "Pu… #>$ lag_pos_team                     <chr> "Alabama", "Alabama", "Alabama", "Ala…
#> $lag_play_type <chr> NA, "Kickoff", "Rush", "Pass Receptio… #>$ orig_play_type                   <chr> "Kickoff", "Rush", "Pass Reception", …
#> $Under_three <lgl> FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FA… #>$ down_end                         <dbl> 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 1, 2, 3…
#> $distance_end <dbl> 10, 9, 7, 13, 10, 11, 7, 7, 10, 4, 10… #>$ log_ydstogo_end                  <dbl> 2.302585, 2.197225, 1.945910, 2.56494…
#> $yards_to_goal_end <dbl> 78, 77, 75, 81, 55, 56, 52, 52, 83, 7… #>$ TimeSecsRem_end                  <dbl> 1786, 1755, 1710, 1677, 1670, 1647, 1…
#> $Goal_To_Go_end <lgl> FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FA… #>$ Under_two_end                    <lgl> FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FA…
#> $offense_score_play <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ defense_score_play               <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $ppa <dbl> NA, -0.51421953, -0.22726486, -0.3379… #>$ yard_line                        <int> 65, 22, 23, 25, 19, 55, 56, 52, 52, 1…
#> $scoring <lgl> FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FA… #>$ pos_team_timeouts_rem_before     <dbl> 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3…
#> $def_pos_team_timeouts_rem_before <dbl> 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3… #>$ pos_team_timeouts                <int> 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3…
#> $def_pos_team_timeouts <int> 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3… #>$ pos_score_diff                   <int> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $pos_score_diff_start_end <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ offense_play                     <chr> "Duke", "Alabama", "Alabama", "Alabam…
#> $defense_play <chr> "Alabama", "Duke", "Duke", "Duke", "D… #>$ offense_receives_2H_kickoff      <dbl> 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1…
#> $change_of_poss <dbl> 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0… #>$ score_pts                        <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $score_diff_start <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ score_diff                       <int> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $offense_score <int> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ defense_score                    <int> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $offense_conference <chr> "ACC", "SEC", "SEC", "SEC", "SEC", "A… #>$ defense_conference               <chr> "SEC", "ACC", "ACC", "ACC", "ACC", "S…
#> $off_timeout_called <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ def_timeout_called               <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $offense_timeouts <int> 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3… #>$ defense_timeouts                 <int> 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3…
#> $off_timeouts_rem_before <dbl> 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3… #>$ def_timeouts_rem_before          <dbl> 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3…
#> $rusher_player_name <chr> NA, "Jerome Ford", NA, NA, NA, "Deon … #>$ yds_rushed                       <dbl> NA, 1, NA, NA, NA, -1, 4, NA, NA, 6, …
#> $passer_player_name <chr> NA, NA, "Tua Tagovailoa", "Tua Tagova… #>$ receiver_player_name             <chr> NA, NA, "Jerome Ford", NA, NA, NA, NA…
#> $yds_receiving <dbl> NA, NA, 2, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA… #>$ yds_sacked                       <dbl> NA, NA, NA, -6, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $sack_players <chr> NA, NA, NA, "Koby Quansah ", NA, NA, … #>$ sack_player_name                 <chr> NA, NA, NA, "Koby Quansah", NA, NA, N…
#> $sack_player_name2 <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ pass_breakup_player_name         <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $interception_player_name <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ yds_int_return                   <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $fumble_player_name <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ fumble_forced_player_name        <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $fumble_recovered_player_name <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ yds_fumble_return                <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $punter_player_name <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, "Will Reichard", NA, … #>$ yds_punted                       <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, 39, NA, NA, NA, 40, N…
#> $punt_returner_player_name <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, "Josh Blackwell", NA,… #>$ yds_punt_return                  <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, 3, NA, NA, NA, 0, NA,…
#> $yds_punt_gained <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, 3, NA, NA, NA, 35, NA… #>$ punt_block_player_name           <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $punt_block_return_player_name <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ fg_kicker_player_name            <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $yds_fg <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ fg_block_player_name             <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $fg_return_player_name <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ kickoff_player_name              <chr> "AJ Reed", NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA…
#> $yds_kickoff <dbl> 65, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ kickoff_returner_player_name     <chr> "Henry Ruggs III", NA, NA, NA, NA, NA…
#> $yds_kickoff_return <dbl> 22, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ new_id                           <dbl> 101849902, 101855301, 101858401, 1018…
#> $orig_drive_number <int> 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4… #>$ drive_number                     <int> 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4…
#> $drive_result_detailed <chr> "Punt", "Punt", "Punt", "Punt", "Punt… #>$ new_drive_pts                    <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $drive_id <dbl> 4011107201, 4011107201, 4011107201, 4… #>$ drive_result                     <chr> "PUNT", "PUNT", "PUNT", "PUNT", "PUNT…
#> $drive_start_yards_to_goal <dbl> 78, 78, 78, 78, 78, 55, 55, 55, 55, 8… #>$ drive_end_yards_to_goal          <int> 81, 81, 81, 81, 81, 52, 52, 52, 52, 7…
#> $drive_yards <int> -3, -3, -3, -3, -3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 9, 9,… #>$ drive_scoring                    <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $drive_pts <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ drive_start_period               <int> 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1…
#> $drive_end_period <int> 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1… #>$ drive_time_minutes_start         <int> 15, 15, 15, 15, 15, 12, 12, 12, 12, 1…
#> $drive_time_seconds_start <int> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 57, 57, 57, 57, 49, 49… #>$ drive_time_minutes_end           <int> 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 11, 11, 11, 11, 1…
#> $drive_time_seconds_end <int> 57, 57, 57, 57, 57, 49, 49, 49, 49, 2… #>$ drive_time_minutes_elapsed       <int> 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 2, 2…
#> $drive_time_seconds_elapsed <int> 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 8, 8, 8, 8, 25, 25, 56… #>$ drive_numbers                    <dbl> 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0…
#> $number_of_drives <dbl> 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4… #>$ pts_scored                       <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $drive_result_detailed_flag <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, "Punt", NA, NA, NA, "… #>$ drive_result2                    <chr> "PUNT", "PUNT", "PUNT", "PUNT", "PUNT…
#> $drive_num <dbl> 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4… #>$ lag_drive_result_detailed        <chr> NA, "Punt", "Punt", "Punt", "Punt", "…
#> $lead_drive_result_detailed <chr> "Punt", "Punt", "Punt", "Punt", "Punt… #>$ lag_new_drive_pts                <dbl> NA, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, …
#> $id_drive <dbl> 4011107201, 4011107201, 4011107201, 4… #>$ rush                             <dbl> 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1…
#> $rush_td <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ pass                             <dbl> 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $pass_td <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ completion                       <dbl> 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $pass_attempt <dbl> 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ target                           <dbl> 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $sack_vec <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ sack                             <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $int <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ int_td                           <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $turnover_vec <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0… #>$ turnover_vec_lag                 <dbl> NA, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, …
#> $turnover_indicator <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ kickoff_play                     <dbl> 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $receives_2H_kickoff <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ missing_yard_flag                <lgl> FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FA…
#> $scoring_play <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ td_play                          <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $touchdown <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ safety                           <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $fumble_vec <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0… #>$ kickoff_tb                       <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $kickoff_onside <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ kickoff_oob                      <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $kickoff_fair_catch <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ kickoff_downed                   <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $kickoff_safety <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ kick_play                        <dbl> 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $punt <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ punt_play                        <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $punt_tb <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ punt_oob                         <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $punt_fair_catch <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ punt_downed                      <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $punt_safety <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ punt_blocked                     <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $penalty_safety <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ fg_inds                          <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $fg_made <lgl> FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FA… #>$ No_Score_before                  <dbl> 0.001775325, 0.002222828, 0.002621234…
#> $FG_before <dbl> 0.17034659, 0.13957973, 0.12765729, 0… #>$ Opp_FG_before                    <dbl> 0.08920160, 0.11677911, 0.13178555, 0…
#> $Opp_Safety_before <dbl> 0.0019152826, 0.0039577322, 0.0042226… #>$ Opp_TD_before                    <dbl> 0.26040379, 0.33202649, 0.37797217, 0…
#> $Safety_before <dbl> 0.002949699, 0.003012376, 0.003185186… #>$ TD_before                        <dbl> 0.4734077, 0.4024217, 0.3525560, 0.31…
#> $No_Score_after <dbl> 0.002222828, 0.002621234, 0.003070324… #>$ FG_after                         <dbl> 0.13957973, 0.12765729, 0.10311895, 0…
#> $Opp_FG_after <dbl> 0.11677911, 0.13178555, 0.14795416, 0… #>$ Opp_Safety_after                 <dbl> 0.0039577322, 0.0042226245, 0.0044297…
#> $Opp_TD_after <dbl> 0.33202649, 0.37797217, 0.42432964, 0… #>$ Safety_after                     <dbl> 0.003012376, 0.003185186, 0.003409132…
#> $TD_after <dbl> 0.4024217, 0.3525560, 0.3136880, 0.20… #>$ position_reception               <chr> NA, NA, "RB", NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA,…
#> $position_target <chr> NA, NA, "RB", NA, NA, NA, NA, "RB", N… #>$ position_completion              <chr> NA, NA, "QB", NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA,…
#> $position_incompletion <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, "QB", NA,… #>$ position_sack_taken              <chr> NA, NA, NA, "QB", NA, NA, NA, NA, NA,…
#> $position_sack <chr> NA, NA, NA, "LB", NA, NA, NA, NA, NA,… #>$ position_interception_thrown     <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $position_interception <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ position_fumble                  <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $position_fumble_forced <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ position_fumble_recovered        <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $position_pass_breakup <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ position_rush                    <chr> NA, "RB", NA, NA, NA, "RB", "RB", NA,…
#> $position_touchdown <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ season                           <int> NA, 2019, 2019, 2019, NA, 2019, 2019,…
#> $opponent <chr> NA, "Duke", "Duke", "Alabama", NA, "A… #>$ team_score                       <int> NA, 0, 0, 0, NA, 0, 0, 0, NA, 0, 0, 0…
#> $opponent_score <int> NA, 0, 0, 0, NA, 0, 0, 0, NA, 0, 0, 0… #>$ rush_player_id                   <dbl> NA, 4372019, NA, NA, NA, 4240455, 424…
#> $rush_player <chr> NA, "Jerome Ford", NA, NA, NA, "Deon … #>$ rush_yds                         <int> NA, 1, NA, NA, NA, -1, 4, NA, NA, 6, …
#> $reception_player_id <dbl> NA, NA, 4372019, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, … #>$ reception_player                 <chr> NA, NA, "Jerome Ford", NA, NA, NA, NA…
#> $reception_yds <int> NA, NA, 2, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA… #>$ completion_player_id             <dbl> NA, NA, 4241479, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, …
#> $completion_player <chr> NA, NA, "Tua Tagovailoa", NA, NA, NA,… #>$ completion_yds                   <int> NA, NA, 2, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA…
#> $interception_player_id <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ interception_player              <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $interception_stat <int> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ interception_thrown_player_id    <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $interception_thrown_player <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ interception_thrown_stat         <int> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $touchdown_player_id <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ touchdown_player                 <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $touchdown_stat <int> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ incompletion_player_id           <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, 3917793, …
#> $incompletion_player <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, "Quentin … #>$ incompletion_stat                <int> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, 1, NA, NA…
#> $target_player_id <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, 4240455, … #>$ target_player                    <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, "Deon Jac…
#> $target_stat <int> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, 1, NA, NA… #>$ fumble_recovered_player_id       <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $fumble_recovered_player <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ fumble_recovered_stat            <int> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $fumble_forced_player_id <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ fumble_forced_player             <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $fumble_forced_stat <int> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ fumble_player_id                 <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $fumble_player <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ fumble_stat                      <int> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $sack_player_id <dbl> NA, NA, NA, 4036041, NA, NA, NA, NA, … #>$ sack_player                      <chr> NA, NA, NA, "Koby Quansah", NA, NA, N…
#> $sack_stat <int> NA, NA, NA, 1, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA… #>$ sack_taken_player_id             <dbl> NA, NA, NA, 4241479, NA, NA, NA, NA, …
#> $sack_taken_player <chr> NA, NA, NA, "Tua Tagovailoa", NA, NA,… #>$ sack_taken_stat                  <int> NA, NA, NA, 6, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA…
#> $pass_breakup_player_id <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ pass_breakup_player              <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $pass_breakup_stat <int> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N… #>$ play_id                          <lgl> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, N…
#> $penalty_flag <lgl> FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FA… #>$ penalty_declined                 <lgl> FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FA…
#> $penalty_no_play <lgl> FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FA… #>$ penalty_offset                   <lgl> FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FA…
#> $penalty_text <lgl> FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE, FA… #>$ penalty_play_text                <chr> NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, "Pena…
#> $row <int> 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12… #>$ drive_event_number               <dbl> 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 1, 2…
#> $lag_play_type2 <chr> NA, NA, "Kickoff", "Rush", "Pass Rece… #>$ lag_play_type3                   <chr> NA, NA, NA, "Kickoff", "Rush", "Pass …
#> $lag_play_text <chr> NA, "AJ Reed kickoff for 65 yds , Hen… #>$ lag_play_text2                   <chr> NA, NA, "AJ Reed kickoff for 65 yds ,…
#> $lead_play_text <chr> "Jerome Ford run for 1 yd to the Alab… #>$ lag_first_by_penalty             <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $lag_first_by_penalty2 <dbl> NA, NA, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,… #>$ lag_first_by_yards               <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $lag_first_by_yards2 <dbl> NA, NA, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,… #>$ first_by_penalty                 <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $first_by_yards <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ play_after_turnover              <dbl> NA, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, …
#> $lag_change_of_poss <dbl> 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0… #>$ lag_change_of_pos_team           <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0…
#> $lag_change_of_pos_team2 <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1… #>$ lag_kickoff_play                 <dbl> 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0…
#> $lag_punt <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0… #>$ lag_punt2                        <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0…
#> $lag_scoring_play <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ lag_turnover_vec                 <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0…
#> $lag_downs_turnover <dbl> 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0… #>$ lag_defense_score_play           <dbl> NA, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, …
#> $spread <dbl> -34.5, -34.5, -34.5, -34.5, -34.5, -3… #>$ over_under                       <dbl> 57, 57, 57, 57, 57, 57, 57, 57, 57, 5…
#> $go_boost <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, -0.8616093, NA, NA, N… #>$ first_down_prob                  <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, 0.2829490, NA, NA, NA…
#> $wp_fail <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, 0.95714505, NA, NA, N… #>$ wp_succeed                       <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, 0.98745113, NA, NA, N…
#> $go_wp <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, 0.96572014, NA, NA, N… #>$ fg_make_prob                     <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, 0.0000000, NA, NA, NA…
#> $miss_fg_wp <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, 0.95221632, NA, NA, N… #>$ make_fg_wp                       <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, 0.98490584, NA, NA, N…
#> $fg_wp <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, 0.95221632, NA, NA, N… #>$ punt_wp                          <dbl> NA, NA, NA, NA, 0.97433623, NA, NA, N…
#> \$ go                               <dbl> 0, 100, 100, 100, 0, 100, 100, 100, 0…
# \dontshow{
# Close open connections for R CMD Check
future::plan("sequential")
# }
# }